⚡ When Was Ryanair Founded

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When Was Ryanair Founded

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Ryanair Fleet History

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We know it's a hassle to switch browsers but we want your experience with CNA to be fast, secure and the best it can possibly be. Ryanair cut capacity by grounding 80 aircraft between November and April due to the high cost of fuel and continuing weak economic conditions. The bid was blocked by the European Commission in , which had also blocked an earlier bid. According to research in October Ryanair was the cheapest low-cost airline in Europe in basic price excluding fees but was the fourth cheapest when fees were included. On 25 October , Ryanair announced what it described as a series of "customer service improvements", to take place over the next six months.

These included lower fees for reprinting boarding passes, free changes of minor errors on bookings within 24 hours, and a free second small carry on bag. Ryanair said it was making the changes as a result of customer feedback. The airline confirmed plans to open an operating base at Milan Malpensa Airport from December , initially with one aircraft. On 9 March , Ryanair launched a corporate jet charter service, offering a Boeing for corporate or group hire. In November , Ryanair launched a new package holiday service named Ryanair Holidays.

The new service offers flights, accommodation, and transfer packages. The service was launched in Ireland, the United Kingdom and Germany, with other markets to follow. In April , Ryanair started issuing tickets for connecting flights, meaning if a connection is missed, the customer will be rebooked at no extra cost and compensated according to the EU Flight Compensation Regulation. To begin with, such tickets were only sold for flights with connections at Rome-Fiumicino airport.

In , the company announced plans to add 50 new aircraft to its fleet every year for the next five years, aiming to reach million passengers by the early s, up from million passengers. For over a decade, Ryanair had only operated with its Irish Air Operator's Certificate and solely under the Ryanair brand. However, starting in the airline began introducing additional brands and operating on multiple certificates in different countries.

In , Ryanair announced that it would launch an independent Polish subsidiary in , operating charter flights from Poland to Mediterranean destinations. Aside from turning away from the company's policy of only operating on a single Air Operator's Certificate, the step also meant that Ryanair would be launching charter flights after having focused only on scheduled operations before. In late , Ryanair Sun was expanded by transferring all Polish-based Ryanair aircraft to it. The decision was made in the wake of staff costs and unions. Also in , Ryanair expanded its portfolio with Austrian-based Laudamotion , later renamed to "Lauda".

Laudamotion was the successor of Niki , which had folded as a consequence of the Air Berlin demise. The deal was announced in March ahead of the carrier's launch in June On 28 September , pilots, cabin crew and other staff called for a strike due to the transition from workers being employed on Irish contracts and subject to Irish legislation to their own countries' labour laws, along with an issue in their pay. Due to the lobbying of the crew and walk-outs of pilots, the airline had to cancel flights, which affected around 40, passengers. On 9 June , Ryanair announced together with the Government of Malta , that it would establish a new airline called Malta Air , which will consist of an initial fleet of ten aircraft and assume the 61 flights currently operated by Ryanair from the island.

The fleet was registered in Malta while a new repair and maintenance hangar was also set up. While the CEO, Michael O'Leary, remains adamant that state aid is not an option, the carrier has announced a number of changes to its operations. This includes the loss of jobs, announced on 1 May , which will affect mainly pilots and cabin crew. This comes as the airline announced it would suspend the majority of its operations until June According to O'Leary, this was a result of "government mismanagement of EU air travel" as the quarantine travel measures were loosened. Only The full financial report is due to be released on 17 May Previously, since , the head office had been on the property of Dublin Airport , in proximity to the Aer Lingus head office.

Ryanair later purchased Darley and had a year lease of the head office facility from the Department of Transport of Ireland. In the early years, when Ryanair had a total of employees who each had shares in the company, there was an agreement that staff would not join a labor union on the basis that they would have an influence on how the company was run. Whilst Ryanair announced in December that it would recognise pilots' unions, the company still refuses to recognise or negotiate with any union for cabin crew. In , a former Ryanair captain was awarded financial compensation by an employment tribunal in London after being fired for handing out a union form to a cabin crew member while on duty.

Ryanair faced criticism for allegedly forcing pilots to pay tens of thousands of euros for training, then establish limited companies in Ireland to have the pilots work for Ryanair through an agency, [16] as well as forcing ground staff in Spain to open bank accounts in Gibraltar in which to receive their wages. In May , Ryanair's office in Marseille was raided by French police investigating complaints that the company was failing to follow French employment law. Ryanair protested about the raid. In May , the Mayor of Copenhagen announced a boycott of Ryanair. This came in the wake of protests from Danish unions regarding employment conditions.

On 10 August , pilots of Ryanair in Germany, Sweden, Ireland, Belgium and the Netherlands walked out for 24 hours, leaving flights cancelled. The British Civil Aviation Authority CAA urged the company to compensate the 2, affected passengers under EU Regulation , but Ryanair stated that it would refuse to accept any claims for compensation. Twenty percent of Ryanair's revenue is generated from ancillary revenue ; that is, income from sources other than ticket fares. Ryanair has been described by the consumer magazine Holiday Which?

It also charges for extra services like checked-in luggage and it offers food and drinks for purchase as part of a buy on board programme. In , Ryanair abolished airport check-in and replaced it with a fast bag drop for those passengers checking in bags. Ryanair faced criticism over the ambiguous nature of these changes. New Ryanair aircraft have been delivered with non-reclining seats, no seat-back pockets, safety cards stuck on the back of the seats, and life jackets stowed overhead rather than under the seat. This allows the airline to save on aircraft costs and enables faster cleaning and security checks during the short turnaround times.

Other proposed measures to reduce frills further have included eliminating two toilets to add six more seats, [] redesigning the aircraft to allow standing passengers travelling in " vertical seats ", charging passengers for using the toilet, [] charging extra for overweight passengers, [] and asking passengers to carry their checked-in luggage to the aircraft. Ryanair has been criticised for many aspects of its customer service. The Economist wrote that Ryanair's "cavalier treatment of passengers" had given Ryanair "a deserved reputation for nastiness" and that the airline "has become a byword for appalling customer service The airline has come under heavy criticism for its poor treatment of disabled passengers.

In , it refused to provide wheelchairs for disabled passengers at London Stansted Airport, greatly angering disabled rights groups. Duff had previously attempted to contact Ryanair on three occasions to inquire about its policy regarding travellers' colostomy bags, but each time no one had answered the phone after half an hour. Ryanair did not offer customers the possibility of contacting it by email or webform , only through a premium rate phone line, by fax or by post; however, it does now have a web form contact option. An early day motion in the British Parliament put forward in criticised Ryanair for this reason and called on the company to provide customers with a means to contact the company by email.

On 17 June , Ryanair announced a new campaign to re-invent itself as a more family-friendly airline. Speaking at the company's AGM, chief executive Michael O'Leary said that the airline needed to "stop unnecessarily pissing people off". Kenny Jacobs, Ryanair's chief marketing officer, said: "Families are a big deal for us. It's a group of customers that we want to get closer to".

Flights were cancelled with very little notice, sometimes only hours before departure. People who had already taken outbound flights were left with no flight home. Ryanair said that the cancellations aimed "to improve its system-wide punctuality" [] which had dropped significantly in the first two weeks of September, which the airline attributed to "ATC capacity delays and strikes, weather disruptions and the impact of increased holiday allocations to pilots and cabin crew". In late December, a survey rated Ryanair and Vueling equally the worst in the world for customer service among short-haul carriers in the Which?

Ryanair responded, "[t]his survey of 9, Which? In , Ryanair became the first airline and the only non- coal-power plant to be among the 10 companies with the highest amount of CO 2 emissions in the EU. That year, Ryanair had an emission equivalent of 9. Environmentalists criticized the airline harshly and saw it as a sign for the lack of taxation of aviation. Ryanair's advertising and the antics of Michael O'Leary, such as deliberately courting controversy to generate free publicity for the airline, [] have led to a number of complaints to the Advertising Standards Authority ASA and occasionally court action being taken against the airline.

The story subsequently made headlines in the media for several days and drew attention to Ryanair's announcement that it was removing check-in desks from airports and replacing them with online check-in. Eight days later O'Leary eventually admitted that it was a publicity stunt saying "It is not likely to happen, but it makes for interesting and very cheap PR". Ryanair often uses advertising to make direct comparisons and attack its competitors. One of its advertisements used a picture of the Manneken Pis , a famous Belgian statue of a urinating child, with the words: "Pissed off with Sabena 's high fares?

Low fares have arrived in Belgium. Ryanair was ordered to discontinue the advertisements immediately or face fines. Ryanair was also obliged to publish an apology and publish the court decision on its website. Ryanair used the apologies for further advertising, primarily for further price comparisons. Another provocative ad campaign headlined "Expensive BA stards! As with Sabena, British Airways disagreed with the accompanying price comparisons and brought legal action against Ryanair. The judge ruled "The complaint amounts to this: that Ryanair exaggerated in suggesting BA is five times more expensive because BA is only three times more expensive.

An advertisement depicting a model dressed as a schoolgirl was accompanied by the words "Hottest back to school fares". Ryanair ran the advertisement in two Scottish and one UK-wide newspaper. After receiving 13 complaints, the advertisement was widely reported by national newspapers. The Advertising Standards Authority ASA instructed the airline to withdraw the advertisement in the United Kingdom, saying that it "appeared to link teenage girls with sexually provocative behaviour and was irresponsible and likely to cause serious or widespread offence".

Ryanair said that it would "not be withdrawing this ad" and would "not provide the ASA with any of the undertakings they seek", on the basis that it found it absurd that "a picture of a fully clothed model is now claimed to cause 'serious or widespread offence', when many of the UK's leading daily newspapers regularly run pictures of topless or partially dressed females without causing any serious or widespread offence". In late , the airline faced criticism over its "jab and go" advert. Although it usually does not serve the primary airports of major European cities, Ryanair has been criticised for placing the names of famous cities on distant secondary airports that were not built for tourist traffic and lacked transit links to the main city. Frommers has dubbed Ryanair the "ultimate bait-and-switch airline" for this deceptive practice.

Ryanair was ordered by the ASA to stop claiming that its flights from London to Brussels were faster than the rail connection Eurostar , on the grounds that the claim was misleading, due to required travel times to the airports mentioned. Ryanair stood by its claims, noting that the flight time is shorter than the train trip and that travel time is also required to reach Eurostar's stations.

It was found to have breached advertising rules seven times in two years. He added that the ASA "would prefer to work with advertisers within the self-regulatory system rather than call in a statutory body, but Ryanair's approach has left us with no option". Ryanair countered with the claim that the ASA had "demonstrated a repeated lack of independence, impartiality and fairness".

In July , Ryanair took a number of steps to "increase the clarity and transparency of its website and other advertising" after reaching an agreement with the OFT. In July , Ryanair once again found itself in controversy regarding alleged misleading advertising. EasyJet denied this. In , Ryanair stated that websites such as Opodo and CheapOair; and their partners; engaged in screenscraping and false advertising, and attempted to prevent them from showing Ryanair data. In February the Advertising Standards Authority told Ryanair to provide adequate evidence to support environmental claims after the ASA banned adverts that claimed Ryanair was the lowest emissions airline in Europe for being misleading.

Judge Cordoba stated that: "I declare abusive and, therefore, null, the clause in the contract by which Ryanair obliges the passenger to take a boarding pass to the airport The judge ordered a refund for Mr. Garcia and said the fact the company was a low-cost carrier did "not allow it to alter its basic contractual obligations". All three aircraft declared an emergency Mayday when the calculated usable fuel on landing at Valencia Airport was less than final reserve 30 minutes of flight after having been held in the air for 50 to 69 minutes.

The Irish Aviation Authority made a number of recommendations, including that Ryanair should "review [its] fuel policy and consider issuing guidance to Crew with respect to fuel when operating into busy airports with mixed aircraft operators and types particularly in poor weather conditions when diversions are likely. Among the causes of the incident, the Civil Aviation Accident and Incident Investigation Commission concluded that "the company's fuel savings policy, though it complies with the minimum legal requirements, tends to minimise the amount of fuel with which its aircraft operate and leaves none for contingencies below the legal minimums.

This contributed to the amount of fuel used being improperly planned and to the amount of fuel onboard dropping below the required final fuel reserve. In an interview with the Dutch investigative journalism programme KRO Reporter , four anonymous Ryanair pilots claimed they were being pressured to carry as little fuel as possible on board to cut costs. It also found that Ryanair had been given a right of reply in response to the claims. The broadcast of the programmes was found to be in the public interest.

Ryanair was ordered to pay the legal costs of the case. Starting in late March , in response to necessary flight cancellations due to travel restrictions set by governments due to COVID , Ryanair was forced to cancel flights. Ryanair has said they will not be issuing cash refunds until after the COVID crisis is over, which has angered many customers having to wait months for a refund covered under EU regulations. The handling of refunds from Ryanair has caused a surge in complaints to the Commission for Aviation Regulation CAR , with customers claiming that they have been refused a refund for the flight cancellation. He said blocking the space between seats was "idiotic" and would have no beneficial effect.

Ryanair has several low-cost competitors. In , approximately 60 new low-cost airlines were formed. Although traditionally a full-service airline, Aer Lingus moved to a low-fares strategy from , leading to a much more intense competition with Ryanair on Irish routes. Airlines that attempt to compete directly with Ryanair are treated competitively, with Ryanair being accused by some of reducing fares to significantly undercut its competitors.

In response to MyTravelLite, which started to compete with Ryanair on the Birmingham to Dublin route in , Ryanair set up competing flights on some of MyTravelLite's routes until it pulled out. Go was another airline that attempted to offer services from Ryanair's base at Dublin to Glasgow and Edinburgh in Scotland. A fierce battle ensued, which ended with Go withdrawing its service from Dublin. In September , Ryanair's biggest competitor, EasyJet , announced routes to the Republic of Ireland for the first time, beginning with the Cork to London Gatwick route.

Until then, EasyJet had never competed directly with Ryanair on its home ground. When Wizz Air began operations from Modlin Airport, Ryanair began several new routes from the same airport, most of which were identical to routes offered by Wizz Air. In , Ryanair asked the Irish high court to investigate why it had been refused permission to fly from Knock to Dublin. This route was won by CityJet, which was unable to operate the service.

The runner up, Aer Arann , was then allowed to start flights, a move Ryanair criticises on the basis of not initiating an additional tender process was unlawful. Ryanair's largest base is at London-Stansted with 44 aircraft followed by its home base at Dublin Airport. Ryanair traditionally prefers to fly to smaller or secondary airports usually outside major cities to help the company benefit from lower landing fees and quick turn-around times to reduce costs. Ryanair has even referred to Bratislava Airport in Slovakia as "Bratislava Vienna", despite Vienna being 80 km 50 mi away and across a national border. In some cases, secondary airports are not distant from the city they serve, and can in fact can be closer than the city's major airport; this is the case at Rome Ciampino Airport.

Some of these cities do not have a viable secondary airport that Ryanair could use as an alternative. For summer , the airline opened bases in Athens, Lisbon and the primary airports of Brussels and Rome for the first time. Ryanair flies in a point to point model rather than the more traditional airline hub and spoke model where the passengers have to change aircraft in transit at a major airport, usually being able to reach more destinations this way. Despite it being an Irish airline, and having a significant presence there, it also has a significant presence in France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, the United Kingdom as well as many other European countries.

Currently, its biggest country market is Italy, with fourteen bases and nine non-base airports. Ryanair's largest competitor is EasyJet which has a far greater focus on larger or primary airports such as Amsterdam and Paris-Charles de Gaulle , heavily targeting business passengers. Ryanair also serves sun and beach destinations with bases in the Canary Islands , Cyprus , the Greek Islands and Malta among others.

In August , the airline unveiled ambitious plans to establish a major hub in Israel to service a broad range of European routes. This resulted in the loss of members of airport staff. When Ryanair negotiates with airport operators, it demands very low landing and handling fees, as well as financial assistance with marketing and promotional campaigns. This means it is more likely to fly its aircraft between the lowest cost airports in anticipation that its presence alone on that route will be sufficient to create a demand which previously may not have existed, either in whole or in part.

In April , a failure to reach agreement on a new commercial contract resulted in Ryanair announcing that it would withdraw service on the Dublin—Cardiff route at short notice. The European Commission is investigating the actions of the Italian Government in assigning PSO routes and thus restricting competition. In Ryanair withdrew over half of its flights from Rygge airport in Norway, after which the airport decided to close down totally, as they were privately owned and would make a loss on the low traffic volume. In some cases an increasing number as years pass , Ryanair has decided to use large airports where they are not dominant, and to pay the normal fees there.

Examples include Barcelona, Oslo, Copenhagen and Manchester, which the carrier increased flights from in As of September [update] , the Ryanair Group fleet consists of the following aircraft: []. Following the grounding of all MAX aircraft , Ryanair initially reaffirmed its confidence in the aircraft and indicated that it would be ready to place a new order once it had returned to service; it would seek a reduced price in lieu of cash compensation. As of March , the average age of the Ryanair fleet was around 6. Ryanair's fleet reached aircraft for the first time on 5 September The company also owns three Learjet 45 business jets, based at London Stansted Airport and Bergamo Airport but registered in the Isle of Man , which are mainly used for the quick transportation of maintenance personnel and small aircraft parts around the network.

On 13 March , Ryanair signed an order for new Boeing s. On 30 April , Ryanair confirmed that it had ordered five more aircraft to add to its fleet, four of them to be delivered in and the last one to be delivered in February , to bring the number of aircraft on order to Ryanair also showed interest in other aircraft, including the Comac C , when it signed a design agreement with Comac in to help produce a rival jet to Boeing's offerings.

At the Paris Airshow in , Michael O'Leary stated that Comac could build a larger version of the C aircraft that would hold up to passengers. On 8 September , Ryanair made a commitment to order new Boeing MAX 8s plus options for an additional for delivery from On 1 December , the airline finalised its order for up to Boeing MAX s, a version of the MAX 8 for low-cost airlines, named after the fact that they can carry passengers. The order includes firm, and purchase rights. Twelve deliveries were expected for the summer season 6 for Ryanair and 6 for Malta Air and a further 50 by summer On 23 June , it was reported that Ryanair would start a passenger flight connection between London and Tampere on 2 November of the same year.

In July , it was announced that Ryanair had already handed back all of its leased Bs, which were replaced by incoming B MAX aircraft. The carrier expects to sell more of its older aircraft in the future. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Irish low-cost airline. For other similarly named air carriers, see Ryan Airlines disambiguation. List of bases. Main article: List of Ryanair destinations. Tony Ryan: Ireland's Aviator. ISBN The Local. The Northern Echo. Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 31 July Irish Times.

Retrieved 2 April Irish Aviation Authority. Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 16 March Archived 23 September at the Wayback Machine article. Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 10 August The Belfast Telegraph. Archived from the original on 9 April Retrieved 31 October The Daily Telegraph. The Guardian. Retrieved 30 September BBC News. Retrieved 5 January The Irish Times. Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 18 December The Observer. Retrieved 19 September Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 23 July The New York Times. ISSN Retrieved 25 December The Sunday Business Post. Archived from the original on 26 January Retrieved 2 March Flight International : 7. Retrieved 4 May Flight International : Retrieved 26 June River Medway and the Swale.

Lavenham: Creekside Publishing.

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