✍️✍️✍️ The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act
The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act Snow Globe Research Paper The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act View history. This lithograph imagines the consequences of the Fugitive Slave Act, part of the Compromise of Legislators The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act agreed that this hard ban violated the U. Arguments over national policy grew even fiercer. There are a number of ambiguities in The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act image — are the The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act men enslaved or free?
Nationalized Slavery: The Fugitive Slave Law
Five slave states the Border States had remained loyal to the Union and were not at war with the federal government. Thus, Lincoln did not have authority to free slaves in those states, and so this Proclamation was not applied in those states. The Proclamation also did not apply to Tennessee , nor to areas within Virginia and Louisiana which Union forces already controlled. The Proclamation was issued in two parts. On September 22, , Lincoln said that in days, he would free all slaves in areas not then under Union control. The five border states where slavery was still legal were exempt, and so not named, because they had remained loyal to the Union and were not in rebellion.
Tennessee also was not named because Union forces had already regained control there. Several counties of Virginia that were in the process of separating from that state to form the new state of West Virginia were specifically named as exemptions, as were several parishes around New Orleans in Louisiana. The next paragraph is part of a quote from the Emancipation Proclamation. Only a small number of slaves already behind Union lines were immediately freed. As Union forces advanced, nearly all four million slaves were effectively freed. Some former slaves joined the Union army. Before the war was over, some of the exempted border states ended slavery within their own borders. While the Proclamation had freed slaves, it had not made slavery illegal.
Thus, Lincoln sponsored a constitutional amendment to ban slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment , which made slavery illegal everywhere in the United States, was passed late in , eight months after Lincoln was killed. Hostile cartoon saying Lincoln "played his last card" by issuing the Proclamation. Famous photo of a slave with a badly scarred back from being whipped This is a memorial to the 54th Massachusetts Infantry of the Union Army , which contained many ex-slaves. Two ex-slave children who were probably freed by Lincoln's work, circa New York: Church Publishing. ISBN Archived from the original on Retrieved Retrieved 30 May Thomas's African Church Accessed October 13, Pennsylvania History. Philadelphia Graveyards and Cemeteries.
Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN X. Retrieved 6 July Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 5 July CS1 maint: archived copy as title link. US black church denominations and leaders. Cain Archibald Carey Jr. Daniel Coker James H. Gorham William H. Parks Daniel Payne Charles H. Pearce Clementa C. Day Julia A. Stewart Cleveland Cureton Joseph H. Jackson T. Martin Luther King Jr. Gardner C. Samuel Green Jr. Edwin Hawkins O. Jones Sr. John P. Patterson J. Patterson Jr. Wayne Perryman Ted Thomas Sr. Madison C. Authority control. United States Netherlands. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Julian Abele architect. Part of a series on. Opposition and resistance Slavery Convention Abolitionism U. In creating this government, South Carolina declared, the states did not transfer their sovereignty and retained the right to dissolve the compact:. Since that time, these encroachments have continued to increase, and further forbearance ceases to be a virtue…. After their unanimous declaration of independence in , thirteen sovereign and independent new states assumed their positions among fellow nations of the world. By , these new countries had formed a confederated government in which each party retained sovereignty.
In the Treaty of Paris, King George III recognized each former colony as a separate belligerent, the sovereignty of each now internationally undisputed. In , Deputies were appointed by the States to revise the Articles of Confederation, and on 17th September, , these Deputies recommended for the adoption of the States, the Articles of Union, known as the Constitution of the United States. Southerners developed in its place an indigenous form of political pragmatism based in the sovereignty of individual states. It was, therefore, a formality for South Carolina to declare herself independent.
In the present case, that fact is established with certainty. We assert that fourteen of the States have deliberately refused, for years past, to fulfill their constitutional obligations [with respect to the Fugitive Slave Clause and Fugitive Slave Act of ]…. For many years these laws were executed. In many of these States the fugitive is discharged from service or labor claimed, and in none of them has the State Government complied with the stipulation made in the Constitution…. Those States have assume the right of deciding upon the propriety of our domestic institutions; and have denied the rights of property established in fifteen of the States and recognized by the Constitution; they have denounced as sinful the institution of slavery; they have permitted open establishment among them of societies, whose avowed object is to disturb the peace and to eloign the property of the citizens of other States.
They have encouraged and assisted thousands of our slaves to leave their homes; and those who remain, have been incited by emissaries, books and pictures to servile insurrection. It is not the tariff, not the erosion of state authority in the face of a federal juggernaut, not the safety of Jeffersonian republicanism against Lincolnian Leviathan which prompted South Carolinian secession. Clearly and undoubtedly, South Carolina identified the failure of northern states to abide by the national Fugitive Slave Act as the primary motivating factor for secession, especially given the recent rise to power of a political party committed to keeping the national territories free of slavery.
Lincoln was elected without a single vote from the South in most southern states the Republican Party did not appear on ballots , and nothing signaled the death of southern or slaveholding power within the Union more than the election of a president without even consulting southern opinion on the matter. The South Carolina declaration concluded:. A geographical line has been drawn across the Union, and all the States north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States, whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery.
This sectional combination for the submersion of the Constitution, has been aided in some of the States by elevating to citizenship, persons who, by the supreme law of the land, are incapable of becoming citizens; and their votes have been used to inaugurate a new policy, hostile to the South, and destructive of its beliefs and safety. On the 4th day of March next, this party will take possession of the Government.
It has announced that the South shall be excluded from the common territory, that the judicial tribunals shall be made sectional, and that a war must be waged against slavery until it shall cease throughout the United States. The guaranties of the Constitution will then no longer exist; the equal rights of the States will be lost. When Georgia proclaimed its independence and, in keeping with American tradition, listed its grievances against the Union government, it also noted the overriding and primary importance of protecting slavery over all else.
They have endeavored to weaken our security, to disturb our domestic peace and tranquility, and persistently refused to comply with their express constitutional obligations to us in reference to that property, and by the use of their power in the Federal Government have striven to deprive us of an equal enjoyment of the common Territories of the Republic…The party of Lincoln, called the Republican party, under its present name and organization, is of recent origin. To many, such arguments have been evidence of southern beliefs in the principles of free markets, limited government, and a free society.
In no way could we consider the southern or Confederate project as an extension of Jeffersonian, essentially libertarian , principles:. The material prosperity of the North was greatly dependent on the Federal Government; that of the South not at all. In the first years of the Republic the navigating, commercial, and manufacturing interests of the North began to seek profit and aggrandizement at the expense of the agricultural interests. The navigating interests begged for protection against foreign shipbuilders and against competition in the coasting trade.
Congress granted both requests, and by prohibitory acts gave an absolute monopoly of this business to each of their interests, which they enjoy without diminution to this day. The manufacturing interests entered into the same struggle early, and has clamored steadily for Government bounties and special favors.. But when these reasons ceased they were no less clamorous for Government protection, but their clamors were less heeded— the country had put the principle of protection upon trial and condemned it. After having enjoyed protection to the extent of from 15 to per cent. It avoided sudden change, but the principle was settled, and free trade, low duties, and economy in public expenditures was the verdict of the American people. The South and the Northwestern States sustained this policy.
There was but small hope of its reversal; upon the direct issue, none at all. Yes, the document complained that northerners had long used their disproportionate power in the House of Representatives to forcibly and unconstitutionally channel wealth from the South northward. Yes, Georgia noted the corrupting influence of moneyed and business interests on northern politics. Yes, the secessionists singled out the tariff as a key indicator of northern power and the will to exploit southerners. It was only then that the economic and political interests throughout the North began looking for a new cause to agitate:.
All these classes saw this and felt it and cast about for new allies. This insulting and unconstitutional demand was met with great moderation and firmness by the South. We had shed our blood and paid our money for its acquisition; we demanded a division of it on the line of the Missouri restriction or an equal participation in the whole of it. These propositions were refused, the agitation became general, and the public danger was great. The case of the South was impregnable. The price of the acquisition was the blood and treasure of both sections— of all, and, therefore, it belonged to all upon the principles of equity and justice….
This is the party to whom the people of the North have committed the Government. They raised their standard in and were barely defeated. They entered the Presidential contest again in and succeeded…. For forty years this question has been considered and debated in the halls of Congress, before the people, by the press, and before the tribunals of justice.Simple English Edit links. Brown tree snakes use their tails The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act lassos to climb wide trees Maria Temming January 11, Science News. For The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act years this question has been considered and debated in Feminism And Crime Summary halls of Congress, before the people, by the press, and before the tribunals of The Causes Of The Fugitive Slave Act.